Sunday, March 8, 2015

[Pri20150306APC] Apples-with-Pears Comparison


     This question involves money and looks rather challenging, because there are a few unknown quantities.  To solve it, we use the concept of unit costs, so that we can make an “apples-to-apples” ... er ... I mean “pears-to-apples” J comparison of the prices.

     Since absolute dollar amounts are given, we can quickly solve [H11. Solve part of the problem] for the total costs of pears and apples as follows [H02. Use a diagram / model]:-

     Now we know that the total cost (in dollars) of pears is 45 and for the apples it is 50 (5 more than 45).  Although we do not know the absolute numbers of pears and apples, we know their ratio.  So let us write these down as, say, ‘square’ units. 

     Dividing the total costs by the numbers gives the unit costs, which we know only in ratio terms.  So let us use, say, ‘circle’ units to denote these.  But we know that the unit cost (in $) of an apple is 0.50 less than that of a pear.  And that is equivalent to 5 ‘circle’ units.  From here [H05. Work backwards], we quickly work out the cost of a pear (15 ‘circle’ units) as $1.50.

     Ta da!

H02. Use a diagram / model
H05. Work backwards
H11. Solve part of the problem

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